Hall of Fame for Great Americans 1905

About the members of the Hall of Fame for Great Americans for 1905 including Maria Mitchell, Whittier, Willard and others.



In this year there were 95 electors, so 48 votes were required for election.

John Quincy Adams, statesman (60)

James Russell Lowell, author (59)

Mary Lyon, educator (59), Lyon (1797-1849) was a pioneer in women's education.

William T. Sherman, soldier (58)

James Madison, statesman (56). Madison (1751-1836) received 49 votes in 1900. The failure to include him in the initial group is difficult to justify.

John Greenleaf Whittier, poet (53). Whittier, Sherman, and Lowell died in the 1890s and were chosen the first time they were eligible.

Emma Willard, educator (50). Willard (1787-1870) jumped from 4 votes in 1900 to 50 in 1905. She, along with Lyon, was influential in founding a school for young women.

Maria Mitchell, scientist (48). An astronomer and teacher, Mitchell (1818-1889) is forgotten today. One gets the impression that if she had not been elected in 1905 (by a bare majority), she might never have made it.

To some extent, Lyon, Willard, and Mitchell were "tokens," because no women had been selected in 1900. Novelist Louisa May Alcott and social reformer Dorothea Dix--neither of whom has yet been elected--received 37 votes each. Alcott made a run at it in 1920 with 57 votes but then did not get a single vote in 1925 or 1930. Dix never did so well again as in 1905. In 1973 she had 2 votes.

As before, Calhoun came the closest without winning--46 votes. Other votes went to such memorable citizens as poet Alice Cary, author Lydia Huntley Sigourney, and educator Theodore Dwight Woolsey.

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