Nobel Peace Prize Award for 1921 to 1927
About the Nobel Peace Prize Award from 1921 to 1927 including winners Chamberlain and Briand, their works, and history.
1921 Karl Hjalmar Branting (1860--1925), Swedish
Work: Prodded his nation into the League of Nations and there argued for disarmament
Christian Lange (1869--1938), Norweigian
Work: Long-standing supporter of the League of Nations
1922 Fridtjof Nansen (1861--1930), Norweigian
Work: As agent of the League of Nations, repatriated POWs and helped refugees and famine victims
1923 No award
1924 No award
1925 J. Austen Chamberlain (1863--1937), British
Work: Locarno Pact
Charles G. Dawes (1865--1951), American
Work: Dawes Plan, settling German reparations
Nobel Laureates: Chamberlain began lifetime membership in Parliament in 1899. He held a variety of cabinet posts and rose to leader of the Conservative party in 1921. As foreign secretary under Baldwin, he helped hammer out the Locarno Pact, which drew Germany's western borders. His influence ebbed thereafter, though he remained politically active until his death.
Blunt, capable, and pragmatic are the terms that best describe Dawes, an Ohio-born banker who came to Washington first as President McKinley's comptroller of the currency. During W.W.I, he served as purchasing agent for the American Expeditionary Forces, and, when questioned by a congressional committee about financial improprieties, Dawes grabbed the nation's headlines with the retort: "Hell and Maria, we weren't trying to keep a set of books, we were trying to win the war." The Dawes Plan called for a reduction in Germany's war reparation payments and other stabilization measures, which bolstered that country's floundering economy. Dawes's term as vice-president under Coolidge is best remembered for his nap at the Willard Hotel during a crucial Senate vote which ended in a tie due to his absence. He was a gifted composer. His "Melody in A Major" achieved modest success in the 1920s; then in 1952, the year after his death, the tune was dusted off, given lyrics, and released as the hit single "It's All in the Game."
Nobel Lore: Nobel committeemen no doubt hoped that the Locarno Pact and the Dawes Plan would pull the postwar dogs off prostrate Germany long enough for that country to redevelop into a healthy, responsible world member. That Germany would use the respite to rearm was unforeseen.
1926 Aristide Briand (1862--1932), French Gustav Stresemann (1878--1929), German
Work: Locarno Pact
1927 Ferdinand E. Buisson (1841--1932), French
Work: Helped found League for the Rights of Man; worked toward Franco-German rapprochement after W.W.I; contributed to League of Nations
Ludwig Quidde (1858--1941), German
Work: Urged German admission to League of Nations; retarded clandestine growth of militarism in postwar Germany
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