Psychic Phenomenon and History Psychokinesis or Telekinesis Part 3
About the psychic phenomenon clairvoyance also known as psychokinesis or telekinesis, history and cases of the gift.
PROBING THE PSYCHIC WORLD
All told, 11 sensitives were brought to the house. Of these, nine were women and two were men. The author of this article accompanied one sensitive, Eileen J. Garrett, on her rounds through the house; the experimenter in this case was Dr. Lawrence LeShan, the New York psychologist-parapsychologist. Of the material evaluated by Dr. Schmeidler, nine sensitives provided usable data. Two sensitives' reports of seeing or sensing the ghost so closely matched the family's impressions that their score was 330 to 1 for the sites of frequent hauntings, while their overall score for the sites of all hauntings was 50 to 1. (In statistical terms, the first figure is equivalent to a ratio of P = .003; in the second category, P = .018.)
Reporting on the calculations she made, Dr. Schmeidler stated that "every sensitive's report was compared to the record of every other sensitive." With nine sensitives being evaluated, she wrote, "there were 36 possible comparisons, of which 7 were significant at the .05 level or less," which is equivalent to odds of 1 in 20. Two sensitives who toured the house together, Schmeidler noted, "produced reports with correspondences too close to dismiss as coincidental," and "extrachance correspondences appeared between other records."
As to the ghost's personality, several sensitives reported impressions similar to those of family members, and quite different from the usual eerie nature attributed to apparitions. Several spoke of the ghost as calm, gentle, peaceable, quiet, mature, obliging, patient, trusting, and submissive. In listing possible ways of interpreting these results, Dr. Schmeidler mentioned that an autonomous or semiautonomous "presence" may have been created in the house by "the strong needs of living persons," possibly the mother, and that the sensitives had responded to such a presence.
Dr. Schmeidler wondered whether "a ghostly presence could be created unconsciously by a person with strong psychic abilities, and whether this presence could be perceived by others." She added: "The line of speculation suggests that if poltergeist phenomena may be created by a living person's repressed hostility, apparitions may be created by other repressed needs of a living individual."
Dr. Schmeidler's experiment was even more carefully planned and controlled than the preceding summary suggests. But a test for psychokinesis may also be undertaken in a much less elaborate, at-home setting. This is essentially a simplified version of the method developed by Dr. Rhine and his associates. Anyone with a pair of dice, a pencil, and a score sheet can test for PK. But the dice should not be thrown by hand, because it is possible to develop a trick or habit or positioning dice in such a way that they roll into a predetermined position. If no dice cup is handy, any 12-oz. beer or soft drink can with the top removed will do. A can like that is big enough to shake the dice thoroughly.
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