World History 1837
About the history of the world in 1837, shorthand is introduced, the first kindergarten is founded, Victoria becomes Queen of England.
TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978
* Isaac Pitman published his first shorthand book in England, bringing shorthand into worldwide use. It is still one of the two leading systems using symbols for the letters of the alphabet.
* Friedrich Froebel opened the first kindergarten, or child garden, in Blankenburg, Germany. He believed it was natural for children to learn through directed play, a concept which conflicted with older authoritarian methods of instruction. Although the king of Prussia made kindergartens illegal in Prussia in 1851, Froebel's idea spread throughout the world.
* Hotel proprietor William Lynn inaugurated the first Grand National steeplechase (a horse race over fences and other obstacles) at Aintree, near Liverpool, England. It became one of the most popular spectator events. The first winner was The Duke, ridden by Henry Potts.
June 20 Upon the death at 72 of King William IV, his 18-year-old niece, Princess Victoria, daughter of the deceased Duke of Kent, became queen of England. Her diary entry for this date set the tone for her reign: "I am sure that very few have more real good will and more real desire to do what is fit and right than I have...." She amazed everyone with her dignity and self-possession. The Duke of Wellington said of her first official appearance, "Why, she not only filled the chair, she filled the room!" Lord Melbourne, her first prime minister, proved a real friend; he advised her wisely and contributed much to make the early years of her reign happy ones.
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