World History 1866
About the history of the world in 1866, first root beer made, Nobel invents dynamite, Otto von Bismarck leads the Seven Year War.
TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978
* After nearly a decade of effort and repeated failure, Cyrus W. Field and Company finally succeeded in laying the first permanent transatlantic cable.
* Charles Elmer Hires, a student at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, whipped up the first root beer.
* Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, 33, after seeing his brother killed in an industrial accident at the family explosives plant near Stockholm, stabilized nitroglycerin by soaking it in an earthlike absorbent material. He called his product dynamite.
* British inventor Robert Whitehead devised the self-projecting underwater torpedo. Propelled by compressed air, it maintained its proper depth with a hydrostatic valve and a pendulum balance.
* The well-oiled Prussian war machine under "Iron Chancellor" Otto von Bismarck, aided by Italy, rolled over Austria in the Seven Weeks' War. As a result, Austria signed the relatively lenient Peace of Prague, ceding Venice to Italy and allowing Bismarck to begin the unification of Germany.
* Disgusted at seeing horses flogged in Russia, where he served with the American legation in St. Petersburg, Henry Bergh returned to the U.S. to form the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
* Russian author Fedor Dostoevski, 45, completed his novel Crime and Punishment.
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