World History 1874 Part 2

About the history of the world in 1874, lawn tennis gets popular in England, Impressionist exhibition in France, the drink the Manhattan is invented.

TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978

1874

* Thirty painters, including French artists Cezanne, Degas, Monet, Pissarro, and Renoir, exhibited their avant-garde work at a Parisian photographic studio in the first of several Impressionist exhibitions. One of Monet's entries, entitled Impression: Sunrise became the title piece in a critical review of the showing, and the word Impressionism thereby entered the language to describe any painting which seeks to represent the artist's first brief glimpse of a subject. The movement broke sharply with the artistic standards of the previous 400 years. This new generation applied strong, bright hues and even used broken colors to represent daylight and air. Pissarro came to be the chief spokesman for the art form and best summed up what the group was trying to achieve: "Precision drawing is dry and detracts from the overall impression; it destroys emotion. . . . Don't adhere to rules and principles. Paint what you see and feel--boldly, without hesitation, for it is best not to lose your first impression. . . . There can be but one teacher--nature. She must always be consulted." Although the exhibition closed to public ridicule, the Impressionists eventually attained respectability and sparked the many schools and trends known today as modern art.

Nov. Lady Randolph Churchill, Winston's mother, introduced a new cocktail at a victory party for the governor-elect, Samuel Tilden, at New York's Manhattan Club. A blend of bourbon, sweet vermouth, and bitters, the drink took the name of the club.

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