World History 1927

About the history of the world in 1927, Trotsky is expelled from the communist party, Lindbergh makes the first transatlantic flight, the first talking motion picture.



* The growing policy dispute between Soviet boss Joseph Stalin and Lenin's former right-hand man, Leon Trotsky, ended in the latter's expulsion from the Communist party.

May 21 Charles Lindbergh, 25, landed in Paris after a 33 1/2-hour nonstop, solo flight from New York in his Spirit of St. Louis.

Oct. 6 The first talking motion picture, The Jazz Singer, starring Al Jolson, premiered at New York's Warner Theater. The idea for the film had come from a 25-year-old producer named Darryl Zanuck, who proposed to his financially pressed bosses, the Warner brothers, that they might avert bankruptcy by gambling on something new-a movie made with Vitaphone sound-on-disc equipment. They chose to make The Jazz Singer because it was then a long-running hit play on Broadway with George Jessel. Offered first crack at the title role, Jessel, demanding $100,000, priced himself out of the market. Warner Brothers next turned to Eddie Cantor, who declined for fear of the effect such a questionable project might have on his career. Al Jolson, 41, took the gamble, and it paid off. Audiences eagerly lined up for blocks to listen to the great Jolie belt out "Toot, Toot, Tootsie, Good-bye," "My Mammy," and "Blue Skies." Except for these songs and one small scene with dialogue, the picture was silent. The film netted Warner Brothers $3.5 million and revolutionized the industry. Seeing the handwriting on the wall, all the other studios rushed to gear up for sound.

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