World History 1955

About the history of the world in 1955, Dulles proposes massive retaliation furthering the cold war, Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat spurring civil rights on.

TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978

1955

Jan. 12 U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles detailed a new nuclear policy--"massive retaliation." From then on, the U.S. would "depend primarily upon a great capacity to retaliate instantly by means and at places of our choosing."

Dec. 1 A black seamstress named Rosa Parks sat down in the white section of a Montgomery, Ala., city bus and refused to give up her seat to a later-boarding white man. The act precipitated a year-long black bus boycott, engineered by Martin Luther King, which ended in a Supreme Court decision declaring bus segregation unconstitutional.

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