World History 1958
About the history of the world in 1958, a military coup in Pakistan, the U.S. sends out the Explorer satellite, Europe forms a common market.
TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978
* Six European nations--France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg--formed the Common Market. Known as the European Economic Community (EEC), the organization, headquartered at Brussels, sought to abolish mutual tariffs and to coordinate customs rates for nonmember countries to allow EEC nations free flow of labor, capital, goods, and services. As it has taken on new members, notably Great Britain and the Scandinavian countries, some have expressed the hope that successful economic unity on the continent may lead eventually to a political union of the "United States of Europe," thus ending forever centuries of national rivalry and petty jealousies which often have erupted into war.
* Boris Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature for Doctor Zhivago, a historical novel which portrayed the Bolshevik Revolution in stark terms. Under pressure from Soviet authorities, the author declined the award.
* The Brussels World's Fair opened on 500 acres at a cost of $400 million and recouped less than half that amount in gate receipts.
Jan. 31 The U.S. Explorer 1 lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., and circled the globe. In the process, the 18-lb. satellite discovered the Van Allen radiation belt.
Oct. 7 A bloodless coup in Pakistan brought the army to power, Ayub Khan to the presidency, and martial law to the nation.
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