World History 1963

About the history of the world in 1963, the nuclear test ban treaty is signed, more civil rights demostrations, the Great Train Robbery occurs.

TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978

1963

* Composer and folk singer Bob Dylan (real name Robert Zimmerman), 22, became popular when his song "Blowin' in the Wind" was recorded by Peter, Paul, and Mary.

* Cold-war tensions eased with the signing of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. and the installation of the Washington-Moscow "hot line."

Jan. Alabama Gov. George Wallace: "I draw the line in the dust and toss the gauntlet before the feet of tyranny, and I say segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever."

May Civil rights demonstrations in Birmingham, Ala., led city fathers reluctantly to agree to desegregate public facilities--but not until twin bombings of the homes of black leaders had brought on a riot quelled only with state troopers' nightsticks.

June British War Secretary John Profumo admitted to an affair with call girl Christine Keeler and resigned his post.

June 16 Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova boarded Vostok 6 to become the first woman in space.

Aug. 8 The Great Train Robbery: Twelve masked Englishmen converged on a preselected site near Cheddington, England, and switched the railroad signals. Like clockwork, the Glasgow-London mail train ground to a halt before them. Inless than 45 minutes, the thieves fled with $7,368,715 in cash. They were later caught, however, and are now serving an aggregate sentence of about 300 years.

Aug. 28 Some 200,000 civil rights demonstrators took to the streets of Washington.

Nov. 22 Pres. John Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Tex. The alleged assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, 24, was himself shot to death on live television two days later by nightclub owner Jack Ruby.

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