World History 1969 Part 2

About the history of the world in 1969, Neil Armstrong walks on the moon, the Charles Manson murders, kids converge at Woodstock for music.

TWO CENTURIES OF WORLD HISTORY: 1778-1978

1969

July 20 U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon. His immortal words: "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Later, he revealed that he had meant to say, " . . .one small step for a man. . ." In describing his trip to the moon, Armstrong said, "It has a stark beauty all its own. It's like much of the high desert areas of the United States. It's different, but it's very pretty."

Aug. 9--10 The Tate-LaBianca murders: At the direction of self-proclaimed messiah Charles Manson, three young women led by one Charles Watson crept into the Hollywood house of actress Sharon Tate and brutally murdered her and four guests. One victim, writer Voytek Frykowski, was shot twice, bludgeoned about the head a dozen times, and stabbed over 50 times. Tate, eight months pregnant at the time, also received multiple stab wounds, including a thrust squarely in the womb. The following night the Manson squad attacked the Los Angeles home of Mr. and Mrs. Leno LaBianca and similarly executed them. The trial, alternating between high drama and a circus, dragged on for nearly 10 months. With the clinching testimony of the prosecution's stat witness, Linda Kasabian, who reluctantly had served as lookout during the slaughter, all defendants were found guilty and confined to California's clogged Death Row. Clearly Manson held some sort of spell over his "family," as his girls were called. What the "messiah" said, the others carried out religiously. The nation caught a glimpse of the Manson mind when he took the stand, out of the presence of the jury. "I have stayed in jail and I have stayed stupid and I have stayed a child while I have watched your world grow up," said Manson, 35, the son of a prostitute. "And then I look at the things you do and I don't understand. Most of the people you call the family were just people that you didn't want, people that were alongside the road; I took them up on my garbage dump and I told them this: that in love there is no wrong. . . . What you want is a fiend. You want a sadistic fiend because that is what you are. You only reflect on me what you are inside of yourselves, because I don't care anything about any of you. If I could I would jerk this microphone out and beat your brains out with it, because that is what you deserve. You kill things better than you."

Aug. 16 Some 500,000 youths converged on a 600-acre farm near Woodstock, N.Y., for a four-day marathon rock concert.

Aug. 21 A religious fanatic set fire to the Al Aksa Mosque, one of the most revered Muslim shrines in the Old City of Jerusalem, causing severe damage.

Oct. 3 The International Monetary Fund began issuing "Special Drawing Rights," the first international currency other than gold, as legal tender among IMF members.

Oct. 18 The U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare banned cyclamates, artificial sweeteners, as a health hazard.

Nov. 15 The second Vietnam Moratorium: Some 250,000 protestors, by police estimates, marched peacefully on Washington demanding an end to the war.

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