World History 1975

About the history of the world in 1975, civil war in Lebanon, the Vietnam War ends, President Ford survives two assassination attempts.



* Portugal granted independence to former colonies Mozambique and Angola.

* Civil war in Lebanon between Christians and Muslims killed thousands and left even more injured and homeless.

Mar. 25 Saudi Arabian King Faisal, 70, was assassinated by his own nephew, who later was beheaded.

Apr. 30 The Vietnam War ended with the occupation of Saigon by Communist troops. The conflict killed 1.2 million persons and had cost the U.S. alone $28 million per day since 1961.

May 12 Cambodia seized the U.S. merchant ship Mayaguez and its 39-man crew in the Gulf of Siam. Anxious to prove that the U.S. could not be pushed around, President Ford called for an immediate counterattack. U.S. marines stormed Tang Island and, after losing 38 dead, recovered both ship and crew. In addition, U.S. planes carried out two retaliatory bombings of the Cambodian mainland--one before and one after the recovery of the Mayaguez.

Sept. President Ford survived two separate assassination attempts by women in California. On Sept. 5, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, 26, a disciple of Charles Manson, fired a .45-caliber pistol at the President in Sacramento, but it failed to go off. Eighteen days later in San Francisco, Sara Jane Moore, 45, got off a shot at Ford from 35 ft. away, only to have her aim deflected by an alert 33-year-old Oliver Sipple, a former marine.

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