United States Ethnic Group Populations

A list of the numbers of various ethnic groups within the United States.

U.S. ETHNIC POPULATIONS

Acadians (Cajuns) 820,000

Afghans 2,500

Afro-Americans 25,000,000

Albanians 70,000

Aleuts 1,800

American Indians (173 groups)

Navaho 160,000

Cherokee 75,000

Sioux 50,000

Chippewa 45,000

Amish 80,000

Arabs 1,000,000

Armenians 400,000

Assyrians 150,000

Australians & New Zealanders 82,000

Austrians 1,000,000

Azerbaijians 200 families

Azoreans 300,000

Bangladeshi 3,500

Basques 75,000

Belgians 130,000*

Belorussians 200,000

Bosnian Muslims 11,000

Bulgarians 70,000

Burmese 70,000

British Canadians 2,000,000

Cape Verdians 300,000

Carpathian Ruthenians 600,000

Central & South Americans 800,000

Chinese 500,000

Copts 85,000

Cossacks 4,000

Croatians 650,000

Cubans 750,000

Czechs 1,000,000

Danes 2,000,000

Dominicans 300,000

Dutch 4,000,000

East Indians 200,000

English 30,000,000

Eskimos 35,000

Estonians 20,000*

Filipinos 450,000

Finns 2,000,000

French 4,000,000

French Canadians 1,500,000

Georgians 1,100

Germans 25,500,000

Germans from Russia 1,000,000

Greeks 1,000,000

Gypsies 500,000

Haitians 300,000

Hawaiians 180,000

Hungarians 2,000,000

Hutterites 6,000

Icelanders 21,000

Indochinese 200,000

Indonesians 10,000

Iranians 75,000

Irish 17,000,000

Italians 8,500,000

Japanese 600,000

Jews 6,000,000

Kalmucks (Mongolian Buddhists) 900

Koreans 275,000

Kurds 750

Latvians 86,000

Lithuanians 1,000,000

Luxembourgers 90,000

Macedonians 50,000

Maltese 70,000

Manx 50,000

Mexicans (Chicanos) 8,000,000

Mormons 1,500,000

North Caucasians 500 families

Norwegians 3,000,000

Pacific Islanders 100,000

Samoans 50,000

Chamorros 40,000

Tongans 10,000

Pakistanis 20,000

Poles 5,500,000

Portuguese 350,000

Puerto Ricans 1,500,000

Romanians 120,000

Russians 1,750,000

Scotch-Irish 8,000,000

Scots 18,500,000

Serbs 250,000

Slovaks 500,000

Slovenes 300,000

South Africans (95% whites) 30,000

Spaniards 1,000,000

Spanish (Mexicanos) 850,000

Swedes 12,000,000

Swiss 220,000

Tatars 5,000

Thais 20,000

Tri-racial Isolates+ 200 groups

Lumbees 31,000

Turkestanis (67% Uzbeks) 150 families

Turks 85,000

Ukrainians 2,000,000

Welsh 150,000

West Indians 315,000

*Represents first- and second-generation group members as counted by the U.S. Bureau of Census. All other figures also include people who are descended from first- and second-generation group members.

+Isolated communities of mixed white, black, and American Indian ancestry, most of whom still live in swamps and inaccessible mountain valleys in the eastern United States. The Lumbees live in Robeson County, N.C. Other groups include the Tennessee Melungeons and the Ramapo Mountain People of New York and New Jersey.

Primary Source: Stephan Thermstrom, editor, Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1980.

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