World Country Angola

About the world country Angola, its location, size, population, and who is in power.

NATIONS OF THE WORLD

ANGOLA

Location: On the southwest coast of Africa, between Namibia and Zaire, plus the enclave of Cabinda, on the coast between Zaire and the Congo. Size: 481,351 sq. mi. (1,246,700 sq. km.). Population: 6,726,000.

Who Really Rules: Most of Angola is governed by the Movement for the Popular Liberation of Angola-Labor party, the Marxist-Leninist liberation movement which gained power after independence was achieved in 1975. Traditionally, the MPLA has been strongest among the Kimbundu tribe and mestizos (of mixed Portuguese and African blood). The U.S.S.R. is a major backer of the MPLA, and Cuban troops still help defend the government.

The southern-based National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) has continued to rebel. Centered in the Ovimbundu ethnic group, UNITA guerrillas have hampered rail traffic over the Benguela railway, a lifeline for Zaire and Zambia.

Though the MPLA-Labor government has increased state control over Angola's economy, it has not nationalized Gulf Oil's wells off the shore of Cabinda. Angola could not find experts to take over production, and Gulf concealed operating data, so the government worked out a partnership with its former enemy. Today Angola owns a majority of the operation, but Gulf runs it.

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