World Country Colombia
About the world country Colombia, its location, size, population, and who is in power.
NATIONS OF THE WORLD
Location: Northwest corner of South America, straddling the Panamanian isthmus. Size: 439,735 sq. mi. (1,138,914 sq. km.). Population: 27,600,000.
Who Really Rules: Political power in Colombia is shared by two elite parties, the Liberals and Conservatives, who fought each other for power from 1948 to 1957. In 1978 the Liberal presidential candidate, Julio Cesar Turbay Ayala, won election with 49% of the vote, although only 30% of those eligible voted. In the legislative assembly elections in March, 1980, there was only a 27% voter turnout.
Colombia has been under a state of siege for more than three decades. The government practices torture at 35 military centers throughout the country, the primary victims being peasants, Indians, and trade unionists. When Turbay took office, he followed American advice and imposed additional security measures, ostensibly to crack down on the export of marijuana and cocaine to the U.S. (Colombia exports an estimated $3 billion in drugs each year.) In aiding the Colombian military, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration may have planted the seeds of a military government, common in Latin America but unusual in Colombia.
In the March, 1980, elections, a self-proclaimed witch, Regina Betancourt de Liski, was elected to the city councils of both Bogota and Medellin.
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