World Country Nigeria

About the world country Nigeria, its location, size, population, and who is in power.



Location: On the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) in west central Africa, between Benin and Cameroon. Size: 356,667 sq. mi. (923,768 sq. km.). Population: 80,928,000.

Who Really Rules: On Oct. 1, 1979, the Nigerian military government of Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo achieved its foremost goal, the transfer to civilian rule. In 1978 the military promulgated a new federal constitution, modeled after that of the U.S., providing for independent legislative, executive, and judicial branches at the state and federal levels. The Federal Election Commission approved five political parties in preparation for a series of four elections in the summer of 1979. In those elections Shehu Shagari was elected president, and a coalition of his National party and the People's party won control of both National Assembly houses and 10 of 19 state governorships. Though the National party is considered a conservative party, voting patterns appear to be based upon a mix of political, personal, and ethnic loyalties. Nigeria is an amalgam of more than 250 ethnic groups, including the Hausa-Fulani of the northern region, the Yorubas of the west, and the Ibos of the east (the region which attempted to secede as Biafra).

Most of the federal government's revenue comes from Nigeria's oil exports, and though the federal government plans to share those revenues with the states, the wealth has not trickled down to the population at large. The oil boom has enriched a number of public employees and businessmen, who have a penchant for conspicuous consumption.

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