World Country Tanzania

About the world country Tanzania, its location, size, population, and who is in power.



Location: East central coast of Africa, between Kenya and Mozambique, plus the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia just offshore in the Indian Ocean. Size: 364,898 sq. mi. (945,087 sq. km.). Population: 18,744,000.

Who Really Rules: The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Revolutionary) party, led by President Julius Nyerere and Aboud Jumbe, is the only political party. In the 1980 elections, almost all constituencies were contested, and a number of incumbents, including former cabinet members, lost their seats.

Tanzania has a socialistic economy, working toward self-reliant food production. Drought, floods, and rising oil prices, coupled with some bureaucratic mismanagement, have created shortages and a blossoming black market. In 1979 the International Monetary Fund attempted to impose a series of "reforms" in exchange for financing, but Tanzania refused. In addition, the British-based Lonrho Corporation asked aid agencies to cut off funds to Tanzania because the government there refused to pay what the company asked when it nationalized Lonrho's tea estates and other holdings in 1978. However, Tanzania and the IMF, as well as the World Bank, settled on a compromise economic program in 1980.

Formerly independent Zanzibar (including Pemba) retains autonomy over its own economy. Profiting from the export of cloves, the island does not face the same economic problems as the mainland. Aboud Jumbe, president of Zanzibar, is vice-president of the United Republic.

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