World Country Zimbabwe or Rhodesia

About the world country Zimbabwe or Rhodesia, its location, size, population, and who is in power.



Location: Landlocked in southeastern Africa, west of Mozambique. Size: 150,803 sq. mi. (390,580 sq. km.). Population: 7,718,000 (over 70% Shona-speaking blacks, 20%-25% Ndebele-speaking blacks, 4% whites).

Who Really Rules: British mediation in the civil war between the white-run regime of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe nationalist guerrillas led to elections in February, 1980, in which Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union and Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union--members of the guerrilla Patriotic Front--won a huge majority of the black vote. When Mugabe, a Marxist revolutionary, became prime minister, he assumed a conciliatory posture, vowing to protect the rights and investments of the white minority. Mugabe's immediate goal is to bring blacks into positions of political authority.

White Zimbabweans still earn 10 to 20 times as much as blacks, and American, British, and South African corporations still control the economy. Zimbabwe's closest ally is Mozambique, but Britain, the colonial power and mediator, is assisting in the transition, and Zimbabwe has assumed Rhodesia's massive debt to neighboring South Africa.

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